Real time graph of the irradiance (Blue), the standard deviation (red) and internal instrument temperature (yellow)

The following figures show the daily averages of Pandora products compared with statistical trends. The products examined are NO2 (total, tropospheric and superficial), O3 (total), Water vapor (tropospheric and superficial).

Top panel: Daily mean results 

  • red dots with red bars: daily mean value of the variable with square sum of daily standard deviation and daily mean uncertainty
  • blue line: reference climatology value with standard deviation (turquoise area)

Bottom panel: Deviation from climatology mean 

  • red dots with red bars: relative deviation of the daily mean value with respect of the climatology with relative square sum of daily standard deviation and daily mean uncertainty
  • turquoise area: climatology standard deviation divided climatology mean (the blue line highlight the zero value)

In each plot, vertical lines show the closures imposed by Italian government following COVID emergency 

  • black dashed line: schools’ closure 05/03/2020
  • black solid line: lockdown 22/03/2020
  • black dotted line: heating off 14/04/2020

Atmospheric Physics Laboratory (APL)


Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima (CNR-ISAC)

The 5 panels in each image show:

1 – horizontal wind speed  |  2 – wind direction  |  3 – vertical wind speed  |  4acquired signal for each antenna (arbitrary units)  |  5 – signal to noise ratio for each antenna Time units: Solar Time (UTC+1)

For each BAQUNIN site (APL, CNR-ISAC and CNR-IIA) and for Air Force Meteorological Station of Pratica di Mare (LIRE – AM) the following three figures are produced on daily basis (current day at 00:00 UTC + 36 hours forecast):

Figure 1
a) relative humidity (%) vertical profile evolution
b) planetary boundary-layer height (PBLH, m) evolution
c) 2m relative humidity (%) evolution

Figure 2
a) cloud coverage vertical profile evolution
b)
mean sea level pressure (PMSL, hPa) evolution
c) 2m relative humidity (%) evolution

Figure 3
a) 
temperature vertical profile (K) evolution
b) mean sea level pressure (PMSL, hPa) evolution
c) 2m temperature (K) evolution

Time (abscissa) is reported as DD_HH, where DD is the current day of month and HH is the hour of the day. In all upper panels dedicated to the vertical profile evolution, the horizontal wind speed and direction is also reported for each altitude and time (small arrow)

Atmospheric Physics Laboratory (APL)


Istituto sull'Inquinamento Atmosferico (CNR-IIA)


Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima (CNR-ISAC)

Pratica di Mare (LIRE - AM)

Last image of the sky camera installed at APL location

(*) All Sky Camera products can be requested by contacting the BAQUNIN team